I bow down to lotus feet of my first Guru, my revered father Pandit Shri Murli Dhar ji Mishr, Vidya Guru Kaul Shiromani Shri Shivanand Nath ji, Yoga Guru Paramhamsa Shri Balendu Giri ji Maharaj and all the compassionate Masters and divine souls of Gurumandala.. I pray for their love, support and guidance..
अथ द्वितीयोऽध्यायः । साङ्ख्ययोगः
सञ्जय उवाच ।
तं तथा कृपयाविष्टमश्रुपूर्णाकुलेक्षणम् ।
विषीदन्तमिदं वाक्यमुवाच मधुसूदनः ॥ २-१॥
Sanjaya the impartial observer and tele-seer said to Dhritarashtra “Lord Krishna said these words to Arjuna whose eyes were downcast and tearful and who was overwhelmed with compassion and despair.”
Although whole Gita is being seen and narrated to Dhritarashtra by Sanjay but just as first chapter began with words of Dhritarashtra’ this second chapter of Gita begins with the words of Sanjaya. Although the above shloka (verse) is continuation of the same sentence which Sanjaya began saying in the last chapter as below..
सञ्जय उवाच ।
एवमुक्त्वार्जुनः सङ्ख्ये रथोपस्थ उपाविशत् ।
विसृज्य सशरं चापं शोकसंविग्नमानसः ॥ १-४७॥
… but the wise author of Gita, Maharshi Veda Vyasa deliberately places ‘Sanjaya and his words (Uvacha)’ once again at the beginning of this chapter that is referred to as ‘The Yoga of Transcendental Knowledge‘.. the understanding pertaining to the highest of the three planes of existence and experience physical, mental and spiritual. Why?
Ordinarily man is never interested in ‘Knowledge’ because he is busy in physical (material) and mental (intellectual) faculties.. collecting, perceiving, sorting, analysing and judging sensations, words, images, situations and feelings etc. All these things do not give knowledge but ‘information’. Unlike a Yogi’s the inner climate of the ordinary perceiver in such a state is what we call ‘active’. Desirous of one polarity of experiences, he is actively looking at things (not observing), he is actively breaking the perceived reality through analysis (not absorbing), actively categorizing into ‘good/bad’, ‘hot/cold’, ‘beautiful/ugly’, ‘normal/bizarre’ (not accepting as a whole). Such is the state of Arjuna here but this chapter is about the ‘Transcendental Knowledge’ which begins to emerge only when our mind is trained to be still, unbiased, free of making choices, non-judgemental, all-accepting but ever alert. In the moment everyone’s mind is turbulent including Arjuna’s but the state of ‘Sanjaya’ is apt for receiving ‘Transcendental knowledge’ because it is he who as a seer is in the process of ‘observing without judgement’. This chapter could begin only with two names – one Krishna or Sanjaya and Sanjaya’s mention and his words at the beginning of this chapter are the most apt choice because Krishna is the source of ‘the light of knowledge’ and Sanjaya the perfect representative candidate to receive it.
So far in Gita, Krishna has spoken only once when he told Arjuna to watch everyone in the army of his enemies and now Krishna’s discourse is to begin.. but see… when Krishna is choosing to speak. It is the time when Arjuna has completely run out of his enthusiasm for fighting the war, a time when he is completely overwhelmed by the circumstances, when he is done with and has exhausted his logic.. when seemingly he is feeling utterly helpless… a kind of emptiness.. a temporary silence!
It is this temporary silence within when you can listen to the words of inner Guru.. the divine within. Inner silence is prerequisite to listen to God’s words… His divine guidance is ever available to those who are capable of immersing themselves deeper into their minds where there’s no chattering and noises… This state is the beginning of pratyahara in Yogic view. This state is the beginning of Japa in Tantra. This state is eye-gazing and breath watching in Vama. The same state of ‘hollowness’.. and temporary separation from the physical material world is available to us in extreme grief, compassion, despair, Anger and confusion but to be able to use these moments as launching pad in the journey of ‘Self-Discovery’ we need to be in the company of ‘Sat Guru’.. Krishna stands there for Arjuna. He is there to help Arjuna make use of this opportunity of battle with Kauravas in discovering ‘Dharma’ and ‘Satya’… but only when Arjuna surrenders.. completely.. with tears in his eyes.. pleading for support in every breath.
Likewise every Master and his/her spiritual systems/methods/techniques provide controlled environment to invoke ‘Sanjay’ in you… silence the mind to be able to see the light of ‘Truth’.. to be able to hear the words of divine. They have to use methods because they can not wait for Kurukshetra to happen in your life or probably they truly see you battling in Kurukshetra without your recognizing it… more so out of compassion because they have been through it.
I have heard… A Zen master goes upto a hotdog cart by the street and says “Make me one with everything.” The counter boy fixes a hotdog and hands it over to the Zen master, who pays him with a $20 bill.
The counterboy puts the bill in the cash-drawer… swiftly closes the drawer and gets busy in attending the next customer.
“Where’s my change?” asks the Zen master annoyingly.
The counterboy smiles and says “Change must come from within.”
For most of you the material world, people, things… don’t work the way you would like them to.. samsara… the ‘wheel of unending activities’ continues to revolve as per the will of the Creator of – Prapancha.. Time and Space. If anything you have control on, that ought to be within.. that has to be ‘yours’. Your ‘Sanjaya’ the unbiased buddhi has to sit silently to observe your battle.. exactly then your Gita is ready to unfold… but… Are you truly convinced that you’re done with your logic? Is your Master the only hope in this moment? Is the only desire in you is for ‘the Truth’?
As you ready to surrender your ego.. accept the commands of your Master.. deepen your trust.. the Knowledge starts emerging from within. But let me tell you accepting commands from Master is not easy.. you will see Krishna
– Acharya Agyaatadarshan Anand Nath